Open-book management has its pros and cons


July 5, 2023

Image courtesy of Dan Gordon

Dan Gordon, CPA

I’ve had this debate with many clients and friends over the years: Should a company share its financial information with employees?

Recently, a client told me he shared all the company finances with the entire company and had certain regrets. But he said he also felt some good came from it. He asked my opinion. My response: Open-book management is not a simple yes-or-no decision. It’s quite a bit more complicated than that.

The management philosophy known as open-book management is an approach that involves sharing financial and operational information with employees, allowing them to understand how the company is performing and make more informed decisions. Let’s examine the pros and cons.


Transparency — Sharing financial and operational information with employees helps build trust and promotes a sense of ownership and accountability among employees.

Alignment — By providing employees with a clear understanding of the company’s goals, strategies and financial performance, open-book management aligns everyone toward a common purpose.

Informed decision-making — When employees have access to relevant information, they can consider the financial implications of their actions, and make better choices that benefit the company.

Continuous learning — Knowing more about various aspects of the business, such as financial statements, cash flow and budgeting, can enhance employees’ skills and make them more valuable contributors to the organization.

Problem-solving — Involving employees in the financial aspects of the business fosters a culture of problem-solving and innovation throughout the organization.


Time and effort — Implementing open-book management requires time and effort to gather, analyze and present financial information to employees. This can be a significant burden on management, diverting resources from other important tasks.

Complexity — Financial information can be complex, and not all employees may have the necessary skills or knowledge to fully understand it. This can lead to misunderstandings and misguided decisions.

Distractions — Open-book management can potentially create distractions, as employees may focus excessively on financial performance metrics at the expense of other important aspects of their work. This may result in neglecting long-term goals or non-financial indicators of success.

Confidentiality concerns — Sharing sensitive financial information with employees raises concerns about confidentiality. Disclosing certain financial data, especially to a large workforce, may increase the risk of leaks or breaches of sensitive information.

Proceed carefully

Open-book management can be a powerful approach to promote transparency, engagement and informed decision-making within an organization. However, it requires careful implementation and consideration of the potential drawbacks to ensure its effectiveness and success.

For those employees who “get it” and understand how to read financial statements, open-book management allows them to understand what their contribution to the firm means and how they are part of something larger than just a job. For those who don’t “get it,” and don’t understand the shared information, open-book management may create a disruptive atmosphere of suspicion and jealousy.

About the Author

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Dan Gordon, CPA, owns PCO Bookkeepers & M&A Specialists, an accounting and exit planning firm that caters to pest management professionals throughout the United States. He can be reached at

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